Is the PP with a red cover in (1) a complement or a modifier to the noun book? Support your answer with the one-replacement test.

  1. Is the PP with a red cover in (1) a complement or a modifier to the noun book? Support your
    answer with the one-replacement test.
    (1) the book with a red cover
  2. Draw the tree structure for the DP in (1) based on your answer for the previous question.
  3. Consider the following DP and answer the following questions
    (2) The delicious cake with vanilla
    (a) What is the head of the NP delicious cake with vanilla?

(b) Does this head have any complement? What is it? (State which string of words it
consists of and what type of phrase it is.)

(c) Does this head have any modifiers? What is it/what are they? (State which string of
words it/they consist(s) of and what type of phrase it is/they are.)

  1. Now consider the following sentence and answer the following questions (3pt):
    (3) The delicious cake with vanilla is bigger than the disgusting one.
    (a) What does the pro-form one stand for?

(b) Based on your answer, draw a syntactic tree for the DP, the delicious cake with vanilla.

  1. Now consider the following sentence answer the following questions below (3pt):
    (4) The delicious cake with vanilla is bigger than the one with chocolate.
    (a) What does the pro-form one stand for?

b) Based on your answer, draw an alternative structure for the DP, delicious cake with
vanilla.

  1. Draw the tree structure of the following sentence:
    (5) The man from Brazil fouiqund a dead body in the puddle.
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