Juvenile diversion Research paper


Juvenile diversion is an effort made by the state and human rights diversion to shift or channel out Juvenile offending policies from the juvenile justice system. This is because various cases youth who encounter the juvenile justice system do more harm than to learn anything well. The primary aim of this diversion is to handle juvenile acts that are perhaps inside a formal system instead of bringing them to courts that may inadvertently stigmatize youth for having committed relatively pretty acts (Marsh & Patrick, 2006). The diversion programs consist of the preventions and interventions programs, aimed to give the youths with every possible opportunity to become productive citizens. However, these diversion interventions and preventions strategies are for those who have been picked for having a greater risk of re-offending. The Research will be on Juvenile diversion.

Theoretical Foundations

Diverting juvenile’s offenders has been influenced by various theories but most prominently is the Cognitive resource theory, Trait theory, and behavioral theory. The cognitive resource theory is based on analyzing the mental capabilities of the Juveniles to enable an understanding to figure out the situations that are still valid for the process of change. Therefore, the rise of the Juvenile diversion is in a significant part of attributable to the popularity of the cognitive resource theory and behavioral or trait theory. The cognitive theory is perhaps viewed to be the most powerful force for the diversion that is expected from the justice system and perceived to have a strong influence on juveniles to believe themselves by establishing the cohesive relationship. This, in turn, establishes a self-fulfilling prophesy that is more likely to occur and establishes a higher potential for the life of crime (Lipsey, 2009).

Goals and objectives of the program

The primary objective of the program is to reduce the increasing pattern of criminal behavior among the juveniles in the society. This is done by introducing an effective practice such as enhancing the self-esteem and motivation of the youths who are found in significant crimes in the society. The program serves as a non-judicial juvenile diversion system for the youths who have been convicted of the crime and is considered as part of the juvenile arbitration programs. Moreover, it also provides the facility of the educational forum for the non-offending youths within the society (Lipsey, 2009). Therefore, the process allows the youths to take part in the legal process, get to understand the court system and also understand what type of career opportunities the court system has to provide for the society in reducing the rate of increasing crimes for the juvenile. The offenders’ rights should be observed with care to protect them from further harm from the society. For example, the program ensures that the juveniles don’t engage in crimes anymore by converting them to responsible citizens of the nation.

The key participants in the program

The significant participants in the program are the public defenders, the assistant state attorneys, the police offers and the juvenile court staffs. Even though the case is heard by the peer groups, the official who is presenting acts as ‘hearing judges’ and usually assist the students when needed. The participants ensure that the juveniles are placed under transformation chambers to make sure that they don’t repeat the crimes that they did in the society. Therefore, a converted Juvenile means that the society is safe from that crime.

The implications for the implementation of the program

There have been some complications that are related to the implementation of the program. The school outreach programs have been considered a waste of time and resources due to the increasing number of juvenile crimes despite the existence of programs in the society. It has been identified that some of the programs associated with the juvenile diversion. Moreover, it has been found that some of the Juveniles pretend to have changed from their immoral behavior in exchange for being forgiven for the crimes to be re-released to the society. It is said that 10% of the juveniles released to the society end up committing the crimes. Therefore, this has made the government impose some new policies that hinder the elementary performance of the programs (Lipsey, 2009). Additionally, the society has branded the juveniles as outcasts in the society despite the elementary diversion programs initiated to reverse the judgment. Most of the juveniles are stigmatized by the society as parents warn their children from associating with them in fear of contracting their behavior. Therefore, it is another task to convince the society in gaining trust for the juvenile who have indicated some levels of trust. Moreover, it has been challenging to measure the change capability for the juveniles. Therefore, the system has been by the physical operations that are subject to errors.

A case study of the program in practice

The services and treatment for the offender preventions programs have been established to assist the juveniles with repetitive criminal behavior or in the case of third-degree felony offenses such as personal violence, usage of weapons and the grand theft cases. Therefore, in these programs the offenders are needed to complete sanctions of gainful employment or school attendance, participate in community services and perform other roles based on individualized punishments. However, this program does not keep records of the juveniles that have been convicted of the crime so that they can shun persecutions. These practices have been in use for more than a decade and have been implemented in most of the juvenile system in the United States. Most of the juveniles have passed through this system to ensure that crimes are reduced in the society by creating a friendly society.

Moreover, the convicted youths for crimes under the age of 18 years in the United States of America is known as the department specializing in the juvenile justice system. However, it is similar to the cases of arrest of adults; the departments give a recommendation to the court or perhaps the state attorney to provide them with appropriate sanctions that are specified for juvenile delinquency. In the United States, some juvenile diversion programs are implemented currently. According to research, there have been some cases of underage committing crimes such as murder or burglary. Most of the researchers involved in the conversion of such programs like Juvenile systems have reviewed that most of the juveniles lack moral training from their childhood making it very challenging in the making them shifts from their current behavior.

Therefore, the school outreach programs have been designed to educate the youths in the society on various effects of committing crimes. These programs have been sponsored by the government with the bid to regulate the increasing number of criminal cases in the society. However, these programs have seemed to target the youths who have been notified to have some immoral behavior at school. Moreover, the jailed mentor programs have been created as diversion strategies to provide mentorship programs for the juveniles. For example, the arrested juveniles are selected and then taken to a training program to evaluate their capability of committing crimes in the future (Schwalbe et al.  2012). These programs have made sure that the juveniles have been transformed through evaluation processes making sure that the participants have the capabilities to understand their cognitive behavior. It is important to understand what made the child to commit the crimes to control much pressure that is usually submitted to some juveniles that are not necessary. It has been identified that normal and direct juvenile systems have resulted in some criminal cases from the offenders after the completion of the jail term. Therefore, these diversion interventions have its objectives in reducing the cases of re-offending cases in the society.


The primary aim of the diversion program is to handle juvenile acts through a formal system other than the court system which is known for stigmatizing the youths for having committed pretty crimes. The diversion programs consist of both the prevention and intervention programs. The objectives of the program are to provide the youths with every possible opportunity to become responsible citizens in the society. However, there has been a fair chance of going the way of successful strategies that are being practiced in the weak design. This is because the strategies implemented needs appropriate assessment tools and techniques which can use to evaluate the effectiveness of the programs.


Marsh, R. L., & Patrick, S. B. (2006). Juvenile Diversion Programs.

Lipsey, M. W. (2009). The primary factors that characterize effective interventions with juvenile offenders: A meta-analytic overview. Victims and offenders, 4(2), 124-147.

Schwalbe, C. S., Gearing, R. E., MacKenzie, M. J., Brewer, K. B., & Ibrahim, R. (2012). A meta-analysis of experimental studies of diversion programs for juvenile offenders. Clinical psychology review, 32(1), 26-33.

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