Science applied in design

Introduction to diversity and diversity in design, 


green house effect and global warming,

Life-cycle assessment

The three R/s reduce.reuse and recycle

Introduction to diversity in design

Design as a science has been used to change the lives of many people in the society today through the act of creativity. Diversity on its own stands to represent the state of having different or perhaps various forms of something. For example, we can say that the students nowadays are diverse due to their ability to speak different languages and interact with various cultures. On the other hand, diversity in design will mean different things in that it represents the difference in experience, creativity, and perspective in the design works. The design process as an art of science has been changing with technology, and its one of the science that can be said is living with people due to its ability to shifts its innovative ideas and advancements for the betterment of the people’s lives. Therefore, it will be right to say that creativity is the mother of diversity in the design process. However, diversity in design is perhaps shifting lanes where the best designers today want their notions to change many designers outside there to make an improvement in the science and also to make sure that the world is full of designers and not just designers but the one with skills (Anastas & Zimmerman, 2008).


Among the several definitions, the simple and shared one is the ability to sustain or perhaps to endure something. In the present times, the society where we are living in can endure the hardship and hope for the best future that has to come when every plays his or her role. The globalized world and technology are in constant shifts make us more vulnerable than before when things were clean and green (Anastas & Zimmerman, 2008). While sustainability is focusing on the future of the society, the world designers, businesspeople, and industries are thinking about today and present success. Therefore, it is vital for the organization to make sure that sustainability notion is constant in their lives to make sure that the environment and the future are protected to make life better for everyone especially for the posterity (Anastas & Zimmerman, 2008). The mandate and duty of ensuring that the industries play in the line or protecting the environment while at the same time providing the needs of the people has been a challenge for innovation, design, manufacturing, and brand. Therefore, it is the role of the people to decide to change and protect the future or remain the same and kill the environment.

The greenhouse effect and global warming

The greenhouse effects are the exchange of the incoming and outgoing radiation that heats up or perhaps warms up the earth surface hence causing some abnormal shifts in the earth’s temperature. It is referred to as greenhouse because it works the same way as a greenhouse that is used to control the temperature for the plants. For greenhouse effect to take place, there must be the availability of some greenhouse gases to absorb the thermal radiation into some good quantities that can cause a shift in the climate system (Anastas & Zimmerman, 2008).

 The carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases act as a blanket and at the same time plays a significant role in the absorption of the IR radiation and preventing it from escaping into the outer space. Therefore, the net effect is the regular warming of the earth atmosphere and surface through a process called global warming. Moreover, the greenhouse effect combined with the present rising of the greenhouse gases, the resulting global warming will be having profound implications and will cause significant climate change such as the rising sea levels, the increased ocean acidification and the extreme weather events in the world (Anastas & Zimmerman, 2008).

The life cycle assessment

Life cycle assessment is system based, and it is combined with many other things that are beyond the collection and interpretation of data (Anastas & Zimmerman, 2008). It is a technique for accessing environmental aspects and potentials impacts that are perhaps associated with the product through; compiling an inventory of the necessary inputs and outputs systems of the products, the other issue is the evaluation of the potential environmental impacts that are associated with the inputs and outputs that were invented earlier. And perhaps lastly by interpreting the results obtained in line with the objective of the study to create an environment free and safe society.

The 3Rs, Reduce, reuse and recycle

Reduce is one of the important aspects among the others since the more we can reduce to use regarding consumption and development, the less we will need to reuse or even recycle. Therefore, it is very vivid that the in the case of much to reuse and recycle, the initial stage of reduction was not taken care of by the person involved.  Therefore, in the early stages of the site design, it is imperative for the designer to think about how to reduce the effects that the project might cause the designers if not taken care of efficiently (Anastas & Zimmerman, 2008).

Reusing is the process of using something that was used earlier or perhaps has been used over and over for the same purposes (Anastas & Zimmerman, 2008). The society should be able to make use of the available resources by reusing the natural resources like the water feature, vegetation, and others for the benefit of the site and the conservation purposes. It can involve the use of the earlier used development sites, the natural features and the artificial features such as the roads, ponds and perhaps the parking lots on the sites by demolishing them and putting something new in the same location. This helps in the conservation of the environment through space and other elements.

Recycle is the process of using a waste product as raw material to make something of more value or the same product but new. It is certainly important since it reduces raw material consumption, energy use, and other benefits. There are some things that a designer who is experienced can do that the general public may not understand or appreciate but the individuals can relate to recycling and can encourage the people to act sustainably in the society. Therefore, as site designers, the recycling opportunity comes through the following; the storm waters can be harnessed and recycled to be used on the construction sites, for irrigation, fire protection, and other domestic applications. The other opportunity is the materials that have been utilized in the sites such as rubber and plastics which can be collected and then recycled for further use in the place. And lastly, we have the waste products in the sites such as the cleared trees which can be chopped and collected together to be used again on the site. Therefore, the role of a designer should be to create an enabling environment (Anastas & Zimmerman, 2008).


Anastas, P. T., & Zimmerman, J. B. (2008). Peer reviewed: design through the 12 principles of green engineering.

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